EADs also include diseases that emerge within Australia (e.g. Hendra virus) and diseases that occur sporadically in Australia, but occasionally occur as a serious epidemic (e.g. anthrax).
The statement is false. Each state and territory
administers its own EAD control legislation, which is supported by emergency service
arrangements. The Australian Government has powers under the Biosecurity Act
2015 (Cth) to support the states and territories where appropriate.
Industry is not required to contribute payment for Category 1 diseases. These are EADs that predominantly seriously affect human health and/or the environment (depletion of native fauna) but may only have minimal direct consequences to the livestock industries.
This statement is true.
Private veterinarians may be engaged to assist in disease outbreak investigations and sample collection. Only Authorised Officers may quarantine properties. Government officers are likely to be Authorised Officers under appropriate state legislation.
Time to review your knowledge of EAD response strategies. Organise the various methods for breaking the transmission cycle of an infectious disease agent by selecting the most relevant category.
- Quarantine of infected animals and/or areas
- Movement controls in infected areas
- Biosecurity measures in infected areas to reduce/eliminate contamination of potential fomites
- Biosecurity measures in uninfected areas to prevent contact between susceptible animals and contaminated fomites, wildlife reservoirs and vectors
- Depopulation of infected animals +/- depopulation of animals in infected areas
- Treatment of infected animals to reduce shedding +/- the infectious period